Switzerland, in central Europe, is the land of the Alps. Most of Switzerland is composed of a mountainous plateau bordered by the great bulk of the Alps on the south and by the Jura Mountains on the northwest.
Called Helvetia in ancient times, Switzerland in 1291 was a league of cantons in the Holy Roman Empire. Has a population of more than 8 million in 2014.
Membership of Christian churches has shrunk in recent years. Even if the churches are no longer relevant in many people’s lives, both Roman Catholicism and Protestantism have played a key role in shaping modern Switzerland and the way in which Swiss people see themselves.
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