Chileans are a diverse people whose roots are found in both South America and Europe. The original inhabitants of Chile include the Ona and Yahgan tribes in the south, the Mapuche in the south of the Central Valley and the Atacameno and Diaguita Indians who lived in the Atacama Desert in the north of the country.
Chile Capital: 17 million (2011 est.) Official language: Spanish. More than 70% of the population is Roman Catholic. Over the past few decades the Evangelical and Protestant faiths have been gaining ground accounting for 15% of the population.
Chile has a chain of about 2,000 volcanoes (not all of them active) dotted along the Andes; it has the second largest volcano chain in the world only after Indonesia.
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