The indigenous population of Papua New Guinea is one of the most heterogeneous in the world. Papua New Guinea has several thousand separate communities, most with only a few hundred people. Divided by language, customs, and tradition, some of these communities have engaged in tribal warfare with their neighbors for centuries.
Papua New Guinea has an estimated population of 5.3 million in 2013. Almost two-thirds of the population is Christian. The non-Christian portion of the indigenous population practices a wide variety of religions that are an integral part of traditional culture, mainly animism (spirit worship) and ancestor cults.
A strong attachment of the people to land. Most Papua New Guineans still adhere strongly to this traditional social structure, which has its roots in village life.
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