Australia is the world’s largest island and the smallest continent. It is also the largest continent occupied by one nation and the least populated. Of all person living in Australia, 24% were born elsewhere, and 76% were born in Australia.
A striking feature of Australia’s population is the large number of immigrants who have settled since World War II. Before white settlement, most of the continent was occupied. Although their cultural and language patterns differed, the 600 or more scattered tribes existed in comparative harmony.
Australian Aborigines existed in almost total isolation for at least 60,000 years. Only in the last few decades has a systemic investigation revealed the rich and complex culture that they possessed.
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